Signposting means using phrases and words to guide the reader through the content of your essay.
There are two main types of signposting :
MAJOR SIGNPOSTS : introductions, conclusions and outlining main arguments/ the direction of the argument in paragraphs/opening phrases.
LINKING WORDS AND SHORT PHRASES : connecting words help guide the reader through the argument by linking ideas, sentences and paragraphs.
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What are signposting sentences?
Signposting sentences explain the logic of your argument. They tell the reader what you are going to do at key points in your assignment. They are most useful when used in the following places :
In the introduction
At the beginning of a paragraph which develops a new idea
At the beginning of a paragraph which expands on a previous idea
At the beginning of a paragraph which offers a contrasting viewpoint
At the end of a paragraph to sum up an idea
In the conclusion
Signposting stems for an introduction
To understand the role of … (your topic*) this essay aims to provide a discussion of … (the ideas you will develop)
This essay seeks to investigate/evaluate/illustrate/discuss the impact of … (your topic) in relation to … (the ideas you will develop)
Firstly, this assignment examines … (your topic) and its links with … (your first idea) Next, it closely examines… in relation to … (your next idea) Finally, it focuses on … and how this affects …(your next idea)
Signposting stems for a paragraph which introduces or develops a new idea
One aspect which illustrates … (your topic) can be identified as … (the idea you want to develop)
The current debate about … (your topic) identifies an interesting viewpoint on …(the idea you want to develop)
This first/next/ final section provides a general discussion of …(the idea you want to develop)
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source : University of East Anglia
sources : Cork English / British Council Learn English Teens
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