Do you need ideas for your essays?

Do you need ideas for your essays?

Need more ideas, click on each topic  below :

  1.  Relocating business outside cities.
  2. Benefits of open plan offices.
  3. Employment competition essay ideas?
  4. Should libraries invest in technology or books?
  5. Is history a waste of time?
  6. Housing and Trees in Urban Areas.
  7. International Aid
  8. Ideas about Salaries
  9. The function of Schools
  10. Female staff in senior positions
  11. Littering in Cities
  12. Reasons for banning mobile phones in public places
  13. Tourism and the local community
  14. Solving Traffic and Pollution Problems
  15. Handwriting skills for children
  16. Fast food restaurants
  17. Should leaders only be younger people
  18. Public Services Vs Art
Essay Writing Skills – Giving Examples

Essay Writing Skills – Giving Examples

Learn how to add examples in your essay using academic vocabulary for IELTS writing task 2. Learn a range of linking words and how examples should be written in an essay.

Vocabulary Chunks for Essay writing

Vocabulary Chunks for Essay writing

IELTS cause and effect essays

Common collocations for essays :

  • It builds/ sustains/ maintains (relationships)
  • It liberates/empowers (women)
  • It hinders/impedes (progress)
  • It hampers/obstructs (development)
  • It limits/restricts (freedom)
  • It reduces (habitat loss)
  • It accelerates/reverses (global warming).
  • It minimizes/eliminates/eradicates (human error)
  • It eases (tension),
  • It stifles (creativity).
  • It ensures (equal opportunities).
  • It maintains (harmony).
  • It encourages/promotes (diversity)
  • It stimulates (growth/the economy)
  • It generates (income)
  • It facilitates (learning).
  • It triggers (unrest/a recession).
  • It sours (relations between countries)
  • It strengthened (food production)
  • It raises incomes (yes it was plural where I saw it! Normally it’s uncountable/singular)
  • It perpetuates the myth/stereotypes
  • It prolongs the agony.
  • It delays the inevitable/ the onset of Alzheimer’s
  • It provokes a response.
  • It instills values in children
  • (School uniforms) instill discipline, a sense of self-worth, and equality ….but the evidence that they help foster equality is not so clear-cut.
  • To address/alleviate poverty
  • To ensure sufficient food for all

Source :  Read MORE 

Giving reasons

  • One reason for this is that
  • This can be explained by…
  • This can be attributed to the fact that…

Giving further reasons

  • Not only ……., but…
  • A further reason is…
  • It should also be stated that…

Citing general opinions

  • It has been claimed that…
  • It is widely believed that…
  • There is a widespread belief that…

Refuting opinions

  • I would dispute this, however.
  • However, this is not necessarily the case.
  • There are some faults with this reasoning, however.

Hedging strategies

  • It could be argued that…
  • One explanation might be that…
  • This suggests that…

Strengthening an argument

  • There can be no doubt that…
  • Therefore, we can say beyond any doubt that…
  • These are just some of the reasons why…

Concluding and summarising

  • To sum up, … / In summary, … / In short, …
  • Overall, … / On the whole, …
  • To return to my original idea,…
Writing Essays

Writing Essays


Writing EssaysWriting Essays 3Writing Essays 2

Writing essays 4



a life_skills_essay_1.jpg


sources :  Cork English  /  British Council Learn English Teens

Read more HERE

Find lots of IELTS Academic Writing tips HERE 

Which Speaking Test are you taking? (FCE or ECCE)

Which Speaking Test are you taking? (FCE or ECCE)

FCE – B2

B2 First Speaking Test

Time allowed: 14 minutes per pair of candidates

Number of parts: 4

Marks: 20% total

You have to talk: with the examiner with the other candidate on your own

Part 1 (Interview)

What’s in Part 1? Conversation with the examiner. The examiner asks questions and you may have to give information about your interests, studies, career, etc.

What do I have to practise? Giving information about yourself and expressing your opinion about various topics.

How long do I have to speak? 2 minutes

Part 2 (Long turn)

What’s in Part 2? The examiner gives you two photographs and asks you to talk about them. You have to speak for 1 minute without interruption and the interlocutor then asks the other candidate to comment on your photographs for about 30 seconds.

The other candidate receives a different set of photographs and you have to listen and comment when they have finished speaking. The question you have to answer about your photographs is written at the top of the page to remind you what you should talk about.

What do I have to practise? Talking on your own about something: comparing, describing, expressing opinions, speculating.

How long do I have to speak? 1 minute per candidate

Part 3 (Collaborative task)

What’s in Part 3? Conversation with the other candidate. The examiner gives you some material and a task to do. You have to talk with the other candidate and make a decision.

What do I have to practise? Exchanging ideas, expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing and/or disagreeing, suggesting, speculating, evaluating, reaching a decision through negotiation, etc.

How long do we have to speak? 3 minutes (a 2-minute discussion followed by a 1-minute decision-making task)

Part 4 (Discussion)

What’s in Part 4? Further discussion with the other candidate, guided by questions from the examiner, about the topics or issues raised in the task in Part 3.

What do I have to practise? Expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing and/or disagreeing.

How long do we have to speak? 4 minutes

Cambridge English speaking tests take place with one or two other candidates, and two examiners. This makes your test more realistic and more reliable.







Time: 10-15 minutes

Number of stages : 4
Stage 1 Warm up: Candidate answers general questions. (2-3 minutes)

Stage 2 The candidate is presented with a short text and pictures about a problem or situation. The candidate asks the examiner questions in order to get information. (3-4 minutes)

Stage 3 The candidate chooses an option or offers advice to help solve the problem. The candidate explains why the chosen option or solution is better and must be ready to explain why the other solution or option was not chosen. (1-3 minutes)

Stage 4 The candidate answers further questions related to the topic introduced in Stage 2. (2-4 minutes)
The examiner conducts the interview with one student.


How to pass your ECCE Speaking Exam?

How to pass your ECCE Speaking Exam?

Choose an Option or Help solve a problem

  • Stage 1: Warm-up (2-3 minutes)
  • Stage 2: Ask questions to get information (3-4 minutes)
  • Stage 3: Justify your choice (1-3 minutes)
  • Stage 4: Elaborate on the Topic (2-4 minutes)

Functional Language for all sections of  the ECCE (B2) Oral exam :



source :  Burlington Books Greece

Stage 2 Asking Questions  – Commenting :

  • I see
  • That’s a common problem
  • I can imagine how he/she feels
  • It’s a difficult decision to make
  • It’s not easy to decide…
  • Both options sound interesting/great
  • It’s the kind of think I like / I’m interested in

Stage 3 Justify your choice 

Summarizing and justifying  :

As you said your…. has a problem with…. and there are two solutions/options

On the one hand he could……. as  you said he will…….

On the other hand………  as you mentioned this will……


  • It’s a tricky situation but…
  • Both options could work but I would choose…..
  • If I were in that position I…..
  • …….ing sounds interesting / a bit boring
  • ….. seems like a better choice than…. because
  • I think you should….
  • If I were ….. I’d…..
  • In this way he/she could….
  • Even though you said….. (the disadvantage) I think it will not be a problem because he could……(make it positive)
  • This will allow him / her to…..
  • I didn’t choose…. because…
  • I don’t think ….. is a good idea because as you said….. (disadvantage) so this would……

Referring to something the examiner said

  • As you said …
  • You mentioned that…


Expressing preference / Explaining your choice

  • I would/wouldn’t like to …….
  • I would rather + bare infinitive +than + bare infinitive
  • I suppose I would prefer to…………..rather than + bare infinitive
  • If I had to choose, I would + bare infinitive
  • I’d probably choose…


  • My first choice would be…..
  • I’d choose……….because it is important to ……
  • I think … would be best because…
  • I think most……would find ……..more interesting.
  • I think……has more to offer…….since….
  • I don’t think…………….and that’s why I wouldn’t choose it.



Giving advice

  • I think you should/could….
  • My advice is to…
  • Why don’t you….?
  • If I were you, I’d…
  • I think the best thing to do is to….
  • I strongly recommend that
  • I would advise you to
  • You should
  • It would !e a good idea to
  • I think you should
  • Why don’t you
  • The best advice I can give you is

Referring to a personal experience

  • I was once in a similar situation and I ….
  • I have a friend who also ……..
  • I remember once I had/was…….
  • In my experience…
  • As a teenager, I….
  • I’ve been in a similar situation.
  • A similar thing happened to me/my friend.
  • I can understand how……must feel
  • Personally, I’d would love/hate it if…


Listen to Sample Recordings  HERE

Download for FREE  – a speaking prompt HERE

Download for FREE –  extra speaking prompts HERE

Download for FREE – a sample test with model answers HERE

Sample VIDEO of a complete ECCE speaking test with prompt   HERE

Are you ready for the ECCE Speaking exam ? [Sample 1 -3]

Are you ready for the ECCE Speaking exam ? [Sample 1 -3]

Practise your speaking skills for the upcoming exam with these Sample Prompts and Sample Recordings :

Speaking Prompt B – Sample 1 – Test Taker 1
Speaking Prompt B – Sample 2 – Test Taker 2
Speaking Prompt B – Sample 3 – Test Taker 3

source :

Find more Sample Prompts HERE

Find more of our helpful tips HERE

Are you ready for the ECCE Speaking exam ? [Sample 4-6]

Are you ready for the ECCE Speaking exam ? [Sample 4-6]

Practise your speaking skills for the upcoming exam with these Sample Prompts and Sample Recordings :

Speaking Prompt A – Sample 1 – Test Taker 4
Speaking Prompt A – Sample 2 – Test Taker 5
Speaking Prompt A – Sample 3 – Test Taker 6

source :

Find more of our helpful tips HERE

Are you ready for the ECCE Writing exam ?

Are you ready for the ECCE Writing exam ?

Practise your writing skills for the upcoming exam with these Sample Prompts and Writing Commentary :

source :

Find more of our helpful tips HERE