It is extremely important to pay careful attention to the following:
- The addressee: an English friend of yours
- The context: is visiting your city next summer
- The main ideas/paragraphs: tell him about the places he should visit / and the clothes / invite him to stay with you
If we take a quick look at the email above, we can see the following features:
- The email layout is extremely clear. This is easily achieved by using opening and closing formulas and paragraphs, a signature, and allowing some space between all the semi-independent paragraphs.
- Each paragraph has a clear purpose, which in this case is marked in red.
- The opening and closing formulas are used to say “hi” and “goodbye” in a polite way.
- The introductory paragraph is typically used to react to news (It’s great to hear from you… / I’m so excited about…) and to introduce the topic of our email.
- The main body deals with each of the sub tasks, which in this case are: what to visit, what to wear and invite him.
- In the closing paragraph we start saying goodbye and we can ask for a reply to our email.
- The language is informal:
- Contractions: It’s great, I’m, you’ll have, etc.
- Common phrasal verbs: put you up, check out.
- Colloquial language: How are you doing?, you should totally, you can’t miss, drop me a line, etc.
- Writing as we think: Oh, By the way, Anyway,
- Flexible punctuation: …viewpoint — you’ll have the best…
This is a good example of an informal email for FCE Writing.
Useful Expressions for an Informal Email for FCE Writing
How’s it going?
How are you doing?
How are things?
How are things going?
It’s great to hear from you!
Long time, no see!
Sorry I haven’t written for ages, but
I’m really sorry it’s taken me so long to get back to you.
Reacting to good news:
I’m glad to hear that
I’m so happy that
Great news about your
I’m very happy to hear about
It’s so great that
Reacting to bad news:
I’m so sorry to hear about
Sorry to read about
I can’t tell you how sad I am that
I’m extremely sorry to hear about
It’s just awful to hear that
Oh, by the way,
Hey, did you hear about…?
One more thing,
By the way, tell me about
Ending the email or letter:
Well, I gotta go now.
Anyway, I should get going.
I’ve got to leave you now.
I’d better get going.
Well, it’s time to go
Make sure you write soon
Don’t forget to drop me a line soon.
Look after yourself.
Take care of yourself.
Closing the email or letter:
All my love,
Lots of love,
All the best,